In the Airdrops series, the paintings' bands of color refer to sources of particulate matter (PM2.5) in the air in locations that have experienced catastrophic environmental events. The colors are abstracted from images of sunrise in those places. 

Image: London Sources of PM2.5: Agriculture, Commercial and Households, Energy Production, Energy Use in Industry, Industrial Processes, Non-Road Transport, Road Transport, Waste, and Other, 2019, acrylic on canvas, 8” x 8” x 3”


Sky Parameters is a body of seven infographic paintings based on a snapshot of scientific data of air composition in the Troposphere in Hennepin County (where I live and work). The overall air composition we breathe across the planet is 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon, and 0.04% corresponds to all of the other chemicals – the compounds that contribute to climate change, smog, visibility, and other respiratory issues. 

The paintings break out chemicals that are found in this small percentage, and the colors depict emissions sources in Hennepin County. 

Image: Sky Parameters: Sulfur Dioxide, 2019, acrylic on canvas 36” x 60”


Extremities is a body of paintings that focuses on edges, boundaries, and interconnection. The color on the edge of the work reflects from the canvas onto the wall, so, therefore the wall also becomes a part of the painting, as is the light in the room.

Image: Extremety - No. 1, 2019, acrylic on canvas, 28” x 22”


Drawings in the small Tree Acquaintances series were created by suspending a marker from trees in the Cloquet Forestry Center and letting the movement of a branch in the wind create these marks.

Four specific trees were selected that were living on the edges of the forestry test plots - so they had grown despite management strategies, were on the edges between plots, or were in areas not commonly studied (like the bog ecosystem). I spent a morning getting to know each tree, through sketching a drawing, creating a rubbing that preserved the tree’s scent, and setting up these wind/tree drawing experiments.

Image: Tree Acquaintance: Maple, 2019, pen on paper, 7” x 5”